About Himachal Pradesh

Himachal Pradesh is a state in Northern India. It is spread over 32,271 square Kilometer and is bordered by Jammu and Kashmir on the north, Punjab on the west and south-west, Haryana and Uttarakhand on the south-east and by the Tibet Autonomous Region on the east. Himachal Pradesh is famous for its abundant natural beauty. After the war between Nepal and Britain, also known as the Anglo-Gorkha War (1814–1816), the British colonial government came into power. In 1950 Himachal was declared a union territory, but after the State of Himachal Pradesh Act 1971 Himachal Pradesh was made a full-fledged state.

Geography of Himachal Pradesh:

The state of Himachal Pradesh is situated in the western Himalayas and well surrounded by the several high mountains, many of which have still not been scaled, streams and glaciers. The various streams race through deep boulder-strewn gorges and valleys of considerable beauty. The state can be broadly divided by its valleys that hold most of the existing tourist destinations. Some of these valleys are the Kangra valley, Chamba valley, Pangi valley, the Lahaul and Spiti valleys in the Trans Himalaya, Kinnaur valley, Parvati valley, Giri valley and the Kullu valley. Some of the rivers which flow through these valleys are Sutlej, Beas, Ravi, Parbati. Some of the major lakes are Renuka, Rewalsar, Khajjiar, Dal, Beas Kund, Dasaur, Brighu, Prashar, Mani Mahesh, Chander Tal, Suraj Tal, Kareri, Sreolsar, Gobind Sagar, Nako..

The remaining three Chanderi princes retired to the Jawalamukhi shrine. The reigning Goddess appeared and promised each of them a kingdom. In the fulfillment of her prophecy one of the three princes was adopted by the Raja of Kumaon and other prince Gambhir Chand took possession of Chamba and the eldest son Bir Chand got Jindbari at present in tehsil Anandpur Sahib in Rupnagar district of Punjab. It was Bir Chand who constructed the Naina Devi temple. He extended the Jurisdiction of his kingdom Kahlur during his 33 years of rule and subjugated about 15 neighboring princely states. His ambition of extending jurisdiction was ultimately halted by the Raja of Sirmaur with whom he concluded treaty of peace. Thus, he carved out a kingdom of Kahlur for himself. Bir Chand was followed by a number of his successors and last of them was Kahan Chand who conquered the Hindur state (Nalagarh) and gave it to his second son Surjeet Chand from whom the present ruling family of Nalagarh descends.

Festival of Himachal Pradesh :

The rich culture, tradition, warm and hospitable people, diverse climate and topography offers a variety of fairs, festivals and celebrations in Himachal. About 2000 deities are worshipped in Himachal and different fairs and festivals are held in their honour. Some of the fairs and festivals which are celebrated in Himachal are Baisakhi, Lohri, Himachal's Winter Carnival, Holi, Gugga fair, Fullaich Festival and Dussehra.

Wildlife Sanctuaries in Himachal Pradesh

Himachal Pradesh has a different type of topography, climate and forest cover due to which it has been gifted with a vast variety of flora and fauna. Out of the total geographical area of 55,670 square km, the forest area as per legal classification is 37691 square km. The state Animal is Snow Leopard. The state Bird is Western Tragopan (Jujurana) and the State Flower is Pink Rhododendron. There are about 32 wildlife sanctuaries, 2 national parks and 3 game reserves in Himachal Pradesh. Some of these wildlife sanctuaries are Simbalbara Sanctuary, Renuka Sanctuary, Maharana Pratap Sagar Sanctuary, Great Himalayan National Park.

People of Himachal Pradesh

Most of the people of Himachal Pradesh are Hindus and the presence of Hinduism is very strong towards the south of the Greater Himalayas. The rural people of Himachal worship various local gods and goddesses. Besides Hindus, there is a strong influence of Buddhism in the trans Himalayas. The arrival of His Holiness, the Dalai Lama in Dharamshala has made Himachal Pradesh a second home for the Tibetan Buddhists. Christianity came with the arrival of the British and today, there are various churches across the state. The people of Himachal Pradesh People Himachal Pradesh live through a cycle of rituals and ceremonies all their life. They are very happy and have colourful folk dances. The traditional house of the people of Himachal in the rural areas consists of three storeys – the lowest storey for the household cattle, the middle for storage of grains and the top floor for living.

Adventure in Himachal Pradesh

The rivers, forests, snow covered mountains and alpine meadows in Himachal provides a wide range of interesting and leisure activities to the tourists. Some of these adventurous sports are Skiing, Mountain cycling, camping, mountaineering, trekking, river rafting, para gliding, heli skiing, golf and jeep safaris. Narkanda and Solang are the best areas where skiing is done in the winters. The Trans Himalayan tracts of Lahaul, Spiti and Kinnaur are best for mountain cycling. The best way to explore the beauty of Himalaya is by having a jeep, car or motorcycle safari. For the enthusiasts, no special training is required, but you should be perfectly fit. Equipment, training and instructors are available. Camping is perhaps the best way of enjoying the wonders of nature in Himachal Pradesh and sharing the warmth of its people. You can carry your own sleeping bags and other camping equipments along while you are traveling and set up your own camps. Besides this you can also select any one of the camps that are pitched in various parts of the State. These camps offers various facilities like accommodation, catering and various other leisure activities like hiking, fishing, rafting and nature tour.